“Research data mean (digital) data which, depending on the subject context, are the subject of a research process, are generated during a research process or are its result.“
This definition results in a discipline- and project-specific understanding of research data which can take on diverse forms depending on context:
Seen in the light of research processes, these are work data, on the basis of which researchers either carry out their scientific projects or which arise from them. Storage and publication of a selection of these data serve to safeguard own research results, improve their transparency in the sense of academic best practice and facilitate subsequent use.
1. The following scientific essay examines menus on the basis of Pierre Bourdieu’s cultural theory. Thereby, a corpus published as a set of data is referenced.
2. The following data paper describes a set of data related to archaeological excavations of skull bones:
3. The following data paper describes a database of early Afro-American films:
Planned data management is an important feature in the daily life of researchers, since it supports their work in a range of ways:
 Kindling, Maxi/Schirmbacher, Peter: „Die digitale Forschungswelt“ als Gegenstand der Forschung. In: Information – Wissenschaft & Praxis 64 (2013) Nr. 2-3, S. 127-136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/iwp-2013-0017
 Vgl. zum Zitationsvorteil https://www.forschungsdaten.org/index.php/Data_citation#Litertaur_zum_Zitationsvorteil_durch_.22data_sharing.22, am 19.11.2019. — Piwowar, Heather/Vision, Todd J.: Data Reuse and the Open Data Citation Advantage. In: PeerJ PrePrints 175 (2013). DOI: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.175.
Research Data Pyramid: © BSB/A. Štanzel, CC BY 4.0 | Manage Research Data: own adaptation © Gaelen Pinnock (http://scarletstudio.net/), CC BY 4.0 | Publish Research Data: own adaptation © Gaelen Pinnock (http://scarletstudio.net/), CC BY 4.0 | Use Research Data: own adaptation © Gaelen Pinnock (http://scarletstudio.net/), CC BY 4.0 |