Press/media

Multi-national press and media

Founded in 1941, the FBIS's mission was to monitor, record, transcribe and translate from up to 70 languages intercepted broadcasts of foreign governments, official news media and secret broadcasts in occupied territories across all continents. The information service was later subdivided into the War Department and, from 1947, the foreign intelligence service CIA. The database is important for East and Southeast European studies, as it contains US Intelligence reports on Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and Central Asia. 

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports 1941-1996

 

The database contains news reports, television and radio transcripts from the Foreign Broadcast Information Service on legal and illegal immigration and refugees in the period 1941-1996, and is of great importance for East and Southeast European studies as it provides material on the following topics:

  • 1944-1996 Refugees from the Baltic States
  • 1945-1952 Displaced people after World War II
  • 1946-1952 Jews after World War II
  • 1945-1952 Resettlement and repatriation after World War II
  • 1950-1996 Gypsies
  • 1956-1957 Refugees after the Hungarian Revolution
  • 1970-1996 Soviet Jews
  • 1990-1996 Refugees from the Former Yugoslavia

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Immigrations, Migrations and Refugees : Global Perspectives, 1941-1996

 

The collections of primary sources on nuclear, chemical and biological weapos was curated by a U.S. governmental organisation, that surveilled media programmes all over the world. The database contains radio and television broadcasts, newspapers, periodicals, government documents, and books providing global reactions to the world arms race.

Nuclear arms and weapons of mass destruction: Global perspectives, 1945-1996

"Socialism on film" documents the communist world from the Russian Revolution until the 1980s. This unique collection of documentary films, features and newsreels reveals all aspects of life behind the Iron Curtain, as seen by filmmakers from the USSR, Vietnam, Cuba, China, East Germany, Eastern Europe and more. Providing a counterpoint to Western perceptions of communist states and their actions, the films illuminate how socialist countries saw themselves and the world around them during the major political and social events of the twentieth century. The footage was originally sourced from communist states, then translated into English language for private distribution in Britain and the West. A huge variety of topics can be understood through the communist lens: war, peace, revolution, Cold War tensions, the transformation of society, industry, memory, culture and more. This is the largest film collection of its kind to survive in Western Europe and it is now held at the British Film Institute’s National Archive. These films have been conserved, digitised from the original 16mm and 35mm reels, and are fully transcribed and searchable.

The films in the database have been grouped into 24 sub-collections. Films from the following collections are of particular interest for the Central, Eastern and Southeastern European studies:

  • Lenin & the Russian Revolution
  • The Second World War & the Rise of Fascism
  • The Holocaust & War Crimes
  • Global Tensions & the Cold War
  • Soviet Newsreels & Cinemagazines
  • Youth & Education
  • Women
  • Health & Medicine
  • Agriculture
  • Politics & Society
  • Technology, Space & Science

Socialism on film: The Cold War and international propaganda

Read our post about the collection on the OstBib blog!

 

The database contains reports, publications, and news broadcasts from communist countries collected by the U.S. Foreign Broadcast Information Service from 1945 to 1991. The primary sources refer to the following facets of the Cold War: 

  • "The Bomb" and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Cold War Turning Points
  • Isms, Slogans and Political Philosophies
  • Organizations
  • Programs and Strategies
  • Proxy Wars
  • Society, Culture, Science
  • Soviet/Russian Leaders
  • U.S. Presidents
  • Other Eastern Block Leaders 
  • Other Western Leaders

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS) 
The Cold War: Global perspectives on East-West tensions, 1945-1991

 

Croatian newspapers

Croatian historic newspapers provides access to digitised Croatian newspapers from the collections of National and University Library in Zagreb and other heritage institutions in Croatia. The portal currently contains a selection of titles from the 18th and 19th centuries, featuring the significant titles like "Kroatischer Korrespondent" (1789) and "Primorac" (1873-1878). Full texts of digitised newspaper issues can be searched via the portal interface.

Croatian historic newspapers

Russian newspapers

The Russian newspaper "Gudok", published continuously since 1917, is one of the oldest and leading daily newspapers in Russia. In addition to industry news about the railway industry, the paper deals with topics from the fields of culture and politics as well as social issues. A mixture of biting social commentary and satire is particularly characteristic. (FID license)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Gudok Digital Archive

Everyday life, landscape, localities as well as political events are depicted in pictures from magazines, making the source collection a treasure trove of e.g. lost customs and buildings. Part of the "Primary Sources for Slavic Studies". (in Germany free access through national license)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Imperial Russia's illustrated press online

 

Available in open access and searchable as full texts, the "Imperial Russian newspapers" digital collection contains 20 newspapers published in the Russian Empire from the 18th century to the October Revolution of 1917.

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Imperial Russian newspapers 

Volumes of the nationally published Russian daily newspaper “Izvestiia” from 1917 to 1991 are readable and searchable online. (In Germany, free access is available due to a national license.)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Izvestiia digital archive

The database contains digitised editions of "Kavkaz", the first Russian-language newspaper in the Caucasus, published between 1846 and 1918.

The main purpose of the newspaper was, on the one hand, to promote Russian culture and influence in the Caucasus and, on the other hand, "to acquaint the Russian public with the life, habits and traditions of the tribes in the Caucasus".
In 1846 "Kavkaz" began as a weekly newspaper, from 1850 it appeared twice, from 1868 three times a week, and, from 1877 until its discontinuation in 1918, daily.

Kavkaz digital archive

 

"Krokodil" was a Soviet satirical magazine that appeared from 1922 to 2000 (there was also a revival attempt from 2005 to 2008). Through cartoons and satirical texts it addressed topics such as religion, alcoholism, the Soviet bureaucracy or politics, and society in the "West". With a circulation of up to 6.5 million copies, "Krokodil" was one of the most popular products of the Soviet press and, after 1930, was the sole licensed satirical magazine in the Soviet Union.

The database contains the digitised editions from 1922 to 2000 and is searchable in full text. In addition, all images are provided with keywords and can easily be found using the search function.

Krokodil Digital Archive

Read our post about the collection on the OstBib blog!

This is a digital archive of one of the oldest Russian newspapers with a focus on literary topics. The archive contains approximately 53,500 pages of articles from 1929 to 2011 and is readable and searchable online. (In Germany, free access is available due to a national license.)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Literaturnaia Gazeta digital archive

In two sub-collections, "Mass media in Russia online" provides digital copies of a selection of cheap daily historical Russian newspapers (kopejki), which had a wide readership and were aimed at broad urban strata of the population. The collections are part of the "Primary Sources for Slavic Studies". (In Germany, free access is available due to a national license)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Mass media in Russia online (Parts 1 and 2)

This is digital archive of the oldest English-language newspapers in the Soviet Union and Russia, "Moscow Daily News" (1932-1938) and "Moscow News" (1930-2014)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Moscow News digital archive

In the database you will find the digitized editions of "Russkoe Slovo" with the volumes from 1917 to 1920 and of "Novoe Russkoe Slovo" with the volumes from 1925 to 2009.

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Novoe Russkoe Slovo digital archive

The database contains digitised editions of the Russian-language daily newspaper Pravda in full text, from the beginning of its publication in 1912 and 1913 and from 1918 to the end of 2009. (In Germany, free access is available due to a national license)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Pravda Digital Archive

Researchers working on the topic of Muslims and Islam in Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia can use the Universal Database of Russian Islamic Studies to access the latest scientific publications and journalistic news conveniently via a web portal. Until now, this material has been difficult to access in Germany. Part of the database dates back to 2007 and is continuously updated with the latest articles.

The following Islamic journals are included:

  1. "Islam v sovremennom mire";
  2. "Islamovedenie";
  3. "Minaret Islama";
  4. "Islam v stranach Sodružestva Nezavisimych Gosudarstv".

The following newspapers are included:

  1. "As-Salam";
  2. "Islamskij vestnik";
  3. "Medina al‘ Islam";
  4. "Minbar Islama";
  5. "Poslanie / Riselet";
  6. "Zori Islama".

All editions of the digital collection can be searched in full text both in Cyrillic and in transliteration; it is also possible to browse individual editions from the database. Individual pages can be downloaded in the original layout as PDF files.

Russian Islamic Studies

Read our post about the collection on the OstBib blog!

In order to bridge the knowledge gap that exists in the West on the topic of the Soviet Union, the Joint Committee on Slavic Studies founded the journal "The Current Digest of the Soviet Press" (1949-1991), which was continued after the collapse of the Soviet Union as "The Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press" (1992-2010). Since 2011 it has been available as "The Current Digest of the Russian Press". The compilation includes selected articles on current topics from leading Russian-language newspapers such as the central newspaper "Izvestia", "Novaia gazeta" – one of the few remaining independent press organs in Russia – and its counterpart, "Rossiiskaia gazeta", the mouthpiece of the Russian government. More business-oriented dailies and weeklies such as "Kommersant", "RBK Daily" and "Ekspert", as well as the English-language "The Moscow Times" are also among the newspapers analysed.

In total, the digital archive of "Current Digest" comprises over 164,000 articles, which are available in English translation and are searchable in full text.

The Current Digest of the Russian Press digital archive

The source collection includes some of the most interesting examples of early 20th-century anarchist periodicals, which could only be published for a short time in Russia (mostly 1917-1918). It is part of the "Primary Sources for Slavic Studies". (In Germany, free access is available due to a national license)

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Russian anarchist periodicals of the early 20th century online

The digital archive of "Voennaja mysl'" – the most important military-theoretical journal in the Soviet Union and Russia – contains more than 1,087 issues and includes a total of over 13,000 articles, available as searchable and downloadable PDF files.

Details in the Database Information System (DBIS)
Voennaia Mysl' digital archive

The journal "Vestnik Evropy" is one of the earliest and most influential literary and political journals in Russia. The founder of the journal was the writer and historian Nikolai Karamzin. The journal has been published in three series: 1802-1830; 1866-1918; 2001-. Editions from 2001 onwards are available free of charge on the internet.

Vestnik Evropy

 

Ukrainian newspapers

The collection includes digital copies of ten newspapers, which have been or still are being published in the territories of the two self-appointed people’s republics of Donetsk and Luhansk. The publications in the collection date from 2013 to 2015 and cover the "hot" phase of the conflict between the Ukrainian central government and the separatists, including the independence referendums as well as the serious military conflicts. The database of searchable full texts offers information for the study of separatist movements in Eastern Ukraine. The contents can be accessed via the internet, which greatly simplifies study of newspapers that are otherwise difficult to access.

Donetsk and Luhansk newspaper collection

Read our post about the collection on the OstBib blog!

The database includes around 600 digitised periodicals in different languages, such as Ukrainian, Polish, Russian, German and Yiddish, that were published in Ukraine mainly in the 20th century. Access is free and there is an option for a full-text search.

Libraria - Ukrainian Online Periodicals Archive

The digital collection "Ukrainian Publications" offers access to over 40 Ukrainian periodicals in Russian, Ukrainian, and English. The publications are stored in the database as “full text”, so the documents can be searched in full. While some of the articles have been available since 1997, more have been added since 2001. Individual issues can be downloaded for more detailed study and referenced thanks to the inclusion of permalinks.

Ukrainian publications

Read our post about the collection on the OstBib blog!

More digitised newspapers

Further digitised newspapers can be researched via the Database Information System (DBIS) and in OstNet, our directory for Internet resources.

Database Information System (DBIS)

OstNet

Suggest digitised newspapers

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