The Photo Archive of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB) houses around 2.2 million photographs and illustrations preserved in their original graphic techniques. Despite its focus on Bavaria, the collection also comprises a number of remarkable holdings with a reference to Eastern Europe – among them the photographic archive of Heinrich Hoffmann (1885-1957), known as "Hitler's photographer", who as a member of a propaganda company during World War II also documented the war on the Eastern Front for a time. Also included is the photographic estate of Baron Peter von Wrangel (Baron Pëtr Nikolaevič Vrangel), General of the White Army during the Russian Civil War. All digitised images can be purchased in high, reproducible resolution upon request; publication of the images requires permission and is usually subject to a fee.
The Image Index is a freely accessible image database containing around 2.2 million photographs of 1.7 million works of art and buildings in Germany and Europe. Russia, East and Southeast Europe are also well covered, especially Bohemia, Greece and Poland.
The Graphikportal is an international network database in which graphic collections, picture archives, photo libraries and libraries publish their holdings of drawings and prints or their photographic reproductions together on the Internet. A large collection of digitised material is available, particularly on Eastern Central Europe.
In the online database of its image archive, the Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe in Marburg lists the digitised image materials from the Institute’s collections as well as additional image sources from joint digitisation projects with cooperation partners. These include some 6,300 vertical aerial photographs of Eastern Central Europe taken by the German Air Force in 73 image flights between 1942 and 1945.
The database "The History of Russia in Pictures" (original: История России в фотографиях), which is still in beta version, is an open and freely accessible Russian-language photo archive with over 100,000 photographs from the period 1840 to 1999.
The New York Public Library has a number of digitised image and photography collections related to Russia, East and Southeast Europe. The two most extensive of these are the following collections:
Various libraries and institutions worldwide offer collections of digitised Russian and Soviet posters, such as Duke University and the Hoover Institution.
Further image databases and collections can be searched via the Database Information System (DBIS).
A large number of digital images and photos can also be found in OstNet, our catalogue of Internet resources on Russia, East and Southeast Europe. Use the browsing search function and filter the category “Collections of images” in the section “Publication Type”.